Today, rapid growth of population is identified as a major problem in the society.
It is mostly due to lack of birth control.
Birth control is also known as contraception or family planning.
If you are planning for a sexual activity, although for the first time, it is better to decide about pregnancy.
When you want to postpone your thought of pregnancy, use some method of birth control.
Birth control is a method used to reduce your possibility of becoming pregnant.
Birth control can be done through several birth control methods including Intrauterine Device (IUD), cervical cap, condom (female), diaphragm, injection, Intrauterine System (IUS), natural family planning (‘rhythm’) method, pills, and spermicides.
They also prevent sexual transmitted diseases such as such as gonorrhea, genital warts, syphilis, pelvic inflammatory diseases and so on.
Intrauterine Device (IUD) is a kind of birth control method used by women. The IUD is a “T” shaped device made-up of molded polyethylene plastic coated with barium, which can be seen on X-ray.
Generally it is placed into the uterus where the base of the T will be placed over the cervix and the arms extend horizontally across the uterus. When the device is placed into the uterus, the arms of the “T” are folded down but they then open out to form the top of the “T”.
There will be a short plastic string attached to the IUD, which will extend through the cervix into the vagina. This string ensures that the IUD (birth control device) is still in the uterus.
The birth control method of s (IUDs) is of two types: Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) and Intrauterine system (IUS).
IUCD is made of copper and releases copper from a copper wire that is wrapped around the base where as IUS releases the hormone progesterone from the vertical part of the ‘T’.
Still, it is unknown about how IUDs work. However, they prevent birth control by causing a localized inflammation that starts about 24 hours after insertion.
This leads to an inflammatory reaction in the uterus that draws white blood cells, which produce substances that are toxic to sperm. The IUDs that release progesterone cause a slight change in the endometrial environment that harms the implantation of the egg in the uterine wall. It also changes the cervical mucus, which, in turn, controls the sperm from getting into the cervix.
IUDs are obtained only by prescription and must be introduced correctly by a health care professional. A pelvic exam is essential for an IUD insertion. The IUDs can be inserted into the uterus at any time when you are not pregnant.
You may have limited side effects with IUD such as cramps, spotting, heavy menstrual flow, infection, and infertility. Complications occur in rare case such as perforation, heavy bleeding, abnormal spotting, and smelly discharge. You should see the doctor immediately if any of these symptoms occur.
Also, you need to check your IUD in the uterus every month because the uterus sometimes expels the IUD. It is also important to check the birth control device (IUD) periodically by your doctor.