Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure in which the health care provider makes one or more incisions over the abdomen, in order to insert laparoscope. Sometimes a specialized surgical instrument is also used to carry out small surgeries, if required. Not only is laparoscopy for infertility testing well known, but it is well accepted too.
A laparoscope is a thin and fiber optic tube. Fitted inside the tube are a camera and a light meant for testing the abdominal organs. Sometimes small repairs are done by inserting a thin surgical instrument, where the hospital stay as well as recovery time is a bare minimum. With this tool, infertility in women can be effectively diagnosed. It is popular screening equipment in advanced medical requirements.
Using laparoscopy for infertility testing is not new. In fact, physicians at various parts of the world use the technique to diagnose the cause of infertility in women. Some of the causes of infertility such as endometriosis are only diagnosable by means of laparoscopy.
In fact, it is also possible to detect a cyst and suspicious growth, which are often left out in other infertility testing procedures.
How is laparoscopy for infertility testing done?
Laparoscopy is only done under the most trained general health practitioner in a hospital. General anesthesia is used, so that the incision can be done without pain. Patients are explained about the process beforehand, so that they can mentally prepare themselves for various outcomes.
It is important that patients do not eat or drink for at least 8 hours before the scheduled surgery. Some patients are advised to take antibiotics to help them relax. During the testing, in order to help patients relax, fluids and medications are inserted inside the body through an IV.
An anesthesiologist is also present to apply the anesthesia by placing a mask over the mouth. This gas is meant to put the patient to sleep. Once the anesthesia starts to take its effect on the patient, physicians make small cuts around the belly button in the abdomen.
With a help of a needle, carbon dioxide gas is inserted in the abdomen. This gas helps physicians diagnose the conditions of the organ, so that they can move the laparoscope accurately. In laparoscopy for infertility, it is possible to look around pelvic organs as well as take a small sample of the tissues for further testing or biopsy.
Since patients are normally under the effects of anesthesia, they generally feel no pain, nor do they remember the actual procedure. After they wake up, they feel soreness in their throat due to the tube that was inserted for breathing. Besides, patients also feel soreness and tenderness in the regions where the abdomen was incised. The carbon dioxide gas gives a bloated feeling as well as sharp pains in regions of their shoulder.
The physicians visually evaluate organs for the presence of fibroids, cysts, adhesions, scar tissues and endometrial growths as well as to ensure the shape, size and color of reproductive organs. Laparoscopy for infertility is a good testing procedure to diagnose whether or not fallopian tube is open. This diagnosis is done by inserting a dye through the cervix. If there is any sign of endometriosis, then sample tissue of that area is removed for testing.