When God created Adam and Eve, his primary purpose was to procreate. To realize this objective, the female reproductive system has been intricately designed capable of giving birth and nourishment.
Cliché as it may sound but each part in the female reproductive system has its own important role in procreation. The female reproductive system is generally located in the pelvic area. It can be classified into external and internal parts.
The external parts
- Vulva: It is literary referred to as the opening to the vagina and the entire female reproductive system. It is situated between the legs.
- Mons pubis: This fleshy area is situated on top of the vaginal opening.
- Labia: The labia surround the vagina. When a woman has reached maturity, both the labia and the mons pubis are covered with pubic hairs.
- Urethra: This is a narrow canal found between the labia and is responsible in bringing out urine from the bladder out of the body.
- Clitoris: Of the female reproductive system, the clitoris is the most sensitive of all because of its more than eight thousand nerves. It is responsible in providing sexual pleasure in women.
The internal parts
- Vagina: This organ is about three to five inches long extending from the vaginal opening to the uterus. It has muscular walls making it capable to contract during childbirth. These walls have mucous membranes making it moist and protected. As an integral part of the female reproductive system, the vagina serves several functions. During sexual intercourse, it is where the penis is inserted and during childbirth, it is used as the birth canal serving as a pathway for the baby to pass through from the womb. In addition, it is the route where the menstrual flow passes from the uterus.
- Cervix: Connecting the vagina to the uterus is the primary function of the cervix in the female reproductive system. It has strong thick walls which can expand during childbirth.
- Uterus: Some of the strongest muscles in a female’s body are found in the uterus. Shaped like a pear with thick muscular lining, the uterus expands to accommodate a fetus. It also helps the fetus out during labor.
- Fallopian tubes: Directly above the uterus are the fallopian tubes. They connect the uterus to the ovaries. These two tubes are about four inches long and locate at each side of the uterus. An egg that goes out of the ovary passes through the fallopian tubes to the uterus.
- Ovaries: These organs are responsible in producing, storing and releasing the eggs. These two oval-shaped parts lie at the upper right and left parts of the uterus. The ovaries are also part of the endocrine system because of their estrogen and progesterone producing capacities.
The female reproductive system and its different parts allow a woman to produce eggs and have sexual intercourse with men. These parts also enable a woman to get pregnant and bear children.