Some women experience menstrual cycle problems when they first start to menstruate or develop these problems later on in life. While for some women, painful periods, heavier than normal bleeding, or irregular menstrual cycles could be normal, for others these symptoms could be the warning that something is wrong.
What constitutes menstrual cycle problems may vary greatly from woman to woman. While some women menstrual for only three days each cycle, others may have a 7 day period.
While some women have a 25 day cycle others may have a much longer one.
The point is that they may be normal for each of these women, a menstrual cycle problem can be said to exist when there is any change noticed and so it is important to keep track of one’s own cycle.
Common menstrual cycle problems that women experience are:
Premenstrual Stress (PMS)
These are a group of symptoms that may be felt up to 14 days before the period, ranging from anxiety and depression to tiredness, bloating, joint pain and even hot flashes. For most women the symptoms may be mild but in many cases intervention may be required.
Lighter or missing period
If you don’t get a period, firstly rule out a pregnancy, which is the most common cause of missing a period for women in their 20’s and 30’s. For women in their 30’s it could also be premature ovarian failure that causes one to miss a period.
There could be underlying problems such as a pituitary gland disorder, a hypothalamus disorder, polycystic ovarian syndrome or hormonal balances that may cause periods to become lighter or cause an absence of periods.
Extreme caloric restriction, eating disorders or over exercising can also cause this menstrual problem. Sometimes beginning on certain hormone based contraceptives can also make a period light.
A heavier than normal period
A heavier than normal monthly flow could also be problematic and could be caused by uterine fibroids, an ectopic pregnancy, a miscarriage, certain medications (or change in contraception), cancer in the reproductive organs, disorders relating to blood clotting, and so on.
Bleeding between periods
This is one of the menstrual cycle problems that should not be ignored. There could be serious underlying causes for this such as cancer or an ectopic pregnancy or a miscarriage. In some cases it could be due to an infection in the pelvic region or infection of the reproductive organs.
It could also happen due to soreness or inflammation in the pelvic region. However in some cases it could be caused by something as simple as forgetting to take one’s birth control pill as well rather than any problem of the menstrual cycle.
Slightly or moderately painful periods are common – when a woman has her period, the uterus contracts to shed its lining and this causes the painful cramping characteristic of a period.
However excessive pain that is accompanied by other symptoms such as headache, nausea, diarrhea and so on, could mean other problems such as fibroids, endometriosis, and so on and should be treated as one of the menstrual cycle problems not to be ignored.