Abortion is a process of ending a pregnancy. To get an abortion, it is necessary for you to consult a doctor where certain tests will be done to confirm your pregnancy.
If pregnancy is confirmed and is below nine weeks, then abortion pills are best to expel the contents of the uterus.
Abortion pill is widely known as RU-486. RU stands for Roussel-Uclaf (the initials of the pharmaceutical company) and 486 is a lab serial number. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the abortion pill (RU-486) for use as an abortifacient.
Using abortion pill is a type of abortion performed using a combination of two medications, mifepristone and misoprostol.
These two pills can terminate pregnancy in about four hours. It is safe and effective when used within nine weeks of pregnancy.
Your doctor will explain you how mifepristone and misoprostol work in terminating pregnancy. Depending upon your health condition, the doctor gives you a dose of mifepristone pill to take orally.
Mifepristone blocks the hormone progesterone levels that are needed to maintain a successful pregnancy.
Due to the blockage of this hormone, the uterine lining begins to shed, the cervix get soften and bleeding (an indication of abortion) may occur.
The bleeding may be light much like spotting towards the end of a menstrual period or heavy bleeding. In some cases, you may experience no bleeding until you take the second pill (Misoprostol).
Misoprostol, another abortion pill will be given if abortion has not occurred with mifepristone.
Misoprostol will be taken orally or inserted vaginally within 48 hours of mifepristone. It causes uterine contractions (cramps) to expel the uterine contents from the body.
Abortion Pill Facts
The abortion pills are not recommended for you if you have certain medical conditions such as heart disease, asthma, diabetes, bleeding problems or hypertension or when fitted with an intra-uterine device because of the problems associated with the abortion pill. It is ineffective in the case of ectopic pregnancy.
The World Health Organization (WHO) believes that abortion pill is an effective treatment in terminating a pregnancy. It is found that about 95 women out of every 100 has achieved abortion successfully with the intake of abortion pill in the first nine weeks of pregnancy.
Moreover, with the abortion pill, the health risk of infection is very less and maternal death is extremely low. It is relatively a cheaper, less invasive option where anesthesia is not necessary. The need of pain-killing drugs will be avoided. Also, you can successfully abort without any complication and further medical treatment.
However, with abortion pills, a continuous bleeding may occur for weeks. It is found that one out of every 300 will come across heavy bleeding with the usage of abortion pills. In some rare cases, you may develop an infection.
It is also found that abortion pill is ineffective in five women out of every 100 who take it for ending the pregnancy. Sometimes, it takes days to work.
So, you should see the doctor right away if you find heavy bleeding, infection or any complication occurring with usage of abortion pill.