When you are planning to have sex, even if it is for the first time, you need to think about contraception. Contraception is also known as birth control or family planning.

Contraceptives are the methods used for preventing pregnancy and other sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, genital warts, syphilis, pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID) and so on.

Contraception can be done through medication, device, or by blocking the process of reproduction

Several different contraceptive methods are available, including the cervical cap, condom (male and female), contraceptive diaphragm, implants, injection, Intrauterine System (IUS), Intrauterine Device (IUD), natural family planning (‘rhythm’) method, oral contraceptives, spermicides, and sterilization.Contraceptives

Some contraceptives are more effective than others and also have advantages and disadvantages. So, before making a choice, you should consider the facts about the methods and the proper way of using them.

Pills: When you choose to take birth control pills, then it is good to consult your health care provider. As there are different doses of hormones in different pills, a doctor can suggest you an appropriate dosage.

With birth control, you not only prevent pregnancy but also gain few medical benefits. The birth control pills are nearly 100% effective, if taken continuously and as prescribed, but are ineffective against sexually transmitted diseases.

Condoms: You can choose a female condom as one of the contraceptives for preventing pregnancy. The female condom provides effective results when used properly.

The condom will be placed into the vagina before sexual intercourse. The condom blocks the sperm from entering the womb. The female condoms are designed for one time use.

Diaphragm: It is a cap made up of rubber that is inserted in the vagina and placed over the cervix. This type of contraceptive prevents pregnancy by holding spermicidal jelly against the cervix and avoids the sperm from reaching the uterus.

This is a popular and one of the effective contraceptives method in preventing pregnancy, but ineffective against STDs.

Vaginal Spermicides: These spermicides will be in three forms: sprays, jellies and creams. This type of contraceptive works best when used with a condom and is effective up to 80%.

They are relatively ineffective in birth control and against STDs when used with out a condom. This cripples the cervix and the sperm thus making them incapable to move into the womb.

Cervical cap: It is a small, thin rubber cap shaped like a thimble, which fits tightly over the cervix blocking the sperm from entering the uterus.

The Contraceptives Patch: This is a thick sticky piece of plastic that you can wear on your buttocks or the upper part of your body. It slowly releases hormones that prevent the release of eggs. The effectiveness of the patch in preventing pregnancy is 99% when used correctly.

The vagina ring: The vagina ring is soft and clear ring worn in the vagina. It is 99% effective in preventing your body from releasing egg.

Therefore, before choosing contraceptives, take an advice from your health care professional regarding the best contraceptive that suits your body.


  1. I am 40 yrs. old and a mother of one child. I am married 20 yrs. So far I did not use any oral contraceptive as my husband follows withdrawl process. During my period days I suffer a lot for my excess bleeding and my period is irregular. Someone advised me to take contraceptive pills to get my period normal. Could you suggest which pharama make pill and name to be bought from medicine shop which is best and no side effect.

  2. Hi parvathi
    Usage of contraceptive pills to control excess bleeding are not always the right long term solution. Using intra uterine device like Mirena helps to stop heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding.This device releases a hormone which helps in controlling the menstrual bleeding by 80-96%.

  3. hi
    i wanna know that pills have more side effects than injections to prevant pregnancy?i mhave injected 3 times for last six months but i m really confused about pills or injections.kindly help me

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