Birth control is a preventive measure to change the body’s natural way of ovulation in order to prevent or reduce the chances of becoming pregnant.
You have several different birth control options, also known as contraceptives, to help prevent pregnancy.
Remember no one birth control option work efficiently for every person.
So, choosing the right birth control option makes it possible to involve in your sexual activities without any tension.
However, discuss about birth control options with your doctor before using.
It is found that, in the United States, the rate of unplanned pregnancies is approximately 49%. The reason for this may be lack of right birth control option, misuse or discontinuation.
Hormone method of contraception is one of the birth control options to prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormonal birth control options depend on the type and amount of hormone and the way hormone enters your body.
Estrogen and progesterone are the two hormones that help prevent the process of ovulation. The hormonal contraceptives can be taken in the form of pills, injections, skin patches, and devices such as vaginal ring, intrauterine devices.
All these hormonal contraceptives prevent pregnancy by stopping the ovaries from releasing eggs. Remember, none of these hormonal birth control options can protect you from sexual transmitted diseases.
Birth control pills, also called oral contraceptives, are 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. The types of pills are combination pills, mini pills, emergency contraceptive pills and phased regimen pill. The pills should be taken one for each day.
Injectable birth control options are of two types: Depo-Provera and Lunelle. Depo-Provera is progesterone based contraceptive and is administered by the doctor for every three months whereas Lunelle is a combination of estrogen and progesterone and is administered on monthly basis.
Skin patch, called Ortho-Evra, is another birth control option that provides contraception through the skin. The patch should be used for a week and always replace the old with a new patch.
Vaginal ring (a birth control device) is 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. It remains for three weeks in the vagina continuously and produces hormones into the bloodstream for the entire 3 weeks. It is removed for 1 week to allow menses.
Intrauterine Device is another birth control option that is located in the uterus via the vagina and cervix. It prevents the fertilizing of an egg and also stops a fertilized egg from developing. The lifespan of IUD is about 5-10 years. (More info on Intrauterine Device)
The barrier methods of birth control options are condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, and spermicides.
Condoms, Diaphragms and Cervical caps are most common and effective birth control options. These contraceptives block the sperm from entering the uterus.
Condom (Female condom for contraception) will be placed into the vagina before sexual intercourse and diaphragm is inserted in the vagina and placed over the cervix whereas cervical cap is placed tightly over the cervix.
Spermicides are of three types: sprays, jellies and creams. It is 80% effective when used with a condom.
Other birth control options include natural methods such as the calendar method, permanent methods such as vasectomy or tubal ligation surgery. Follow the birth control option that is suitable for you.