A lot of women are thinking about the contraception options and side effects because if a woman doesn’t use any means of contraception she has about 80%-85% chances of getting pregnant.

There are a lot of different options, but when making a decision you should also think about the side effects.

The pill and the side effects of this contraception option

contraception-options-and-side-effectsThis means of contraception works by using estrogen and progestin. They stop you from ovulating, so the ovaries don’t release an egg. In the same time they also thicken the mucus of the cervix and they make it more difficult for sperm to reach the uterus. Although it protects against pregnancy, it doesn’t protect against STDs.

When thinking about birth control and side effects, you should know that this solution could cause breast tenderness, weight gain, nausea, changes of the sex drive and mild headaches.

In the majority of the cases these disappear within three months. If they don’t go away, you may have to switch to another pill.


If you are interested in contraception options and side effects, you should know that this pill contains only progestin. These prevent ovulation only in half of the cases.

They act by thickening the mucus of the cervix so that the sperm can’t reach the egg. The pills can also thicken the uterus’ lining so the fertilized egg can’t get attached.

In this case regarding the side effects and birth control you have to think about irregular periods and spotting between the periods.

Usually this type of pill is taken by the women who can’t take the combination pill. These include smokers, nursing mothers and the women suffering from sickle-cell anemia.

Implants and injections

Just as in the previous case of contraception options and side effects these methods also use only progestin. They act by thickening the cervical mucus that acts like a barrier between the egg and the sperm. In some cases they could also stop ovulation, and they can change the lining of the uterus.

When thinking about the contraception methods and side effects, you should know that this method could lead to acne and weight gain or even irregular periods especially during the first year of use. In the same time some of the studies show a connection between them and the loss of bone density.


In case you are interested in contraception options and their side effects, remember that these are small objects inserted into the uterus. They act by changing the chemical components in the fluids of the uterus and the fallopian tubes. This way they influence the fertility of the sperm and its ability to swim.

The truth is that in this case the side effects of contraception methods are a lot less side than in other cases. It is possible to experience some cramping or heavy periods during the first few months. Even the IUDs that come with progestin have very few side effects.

Now you know more about the contraception options and side effects to make an educated decision.