Birth control, also known as contraception is a preventive measure for controlling the possibility of becoming pregnancy.
It can be done through several different birth control methods.
Some of the birth control methods also help in preventing sexual transmitted diseases.
The diseases that can be transmitted through sexual intercourse with an infected person are called sexual transmitted diseases. Examples are gonorrhea, genital warts, syphilis, and chlamydia.
The most common and widely accepted birth control method is birth control pill. It is also known as “pill.” It is 99.7% effective in preventing pregnancy.
The pill contains hormones – estrogen and progesterone – to alter the ovulation process. In other words, the aim of these pills is to prevent the release of eggs by the ovaries for fertilization.
Combined pills, emergency contraceptive pills, mini pill, and phased regimen pill are some of the types of birth control pills. The birth control pill should be taken one for each day.
Apart from its effectiveness in preventing the unwanted pregnancy, there are possible birth control side effects with the usage of pills.
Birth control pills are relatively expensive and typically needs a prescription of your doctor because there are several birth control side effects with the use of pills.
It is found that approximately 40% of women will have birth control side effects with the use of pills during the first three months.
Most of the women experience minor, transient birth control side effects with pills. The major birth control side effect with the use of pills is it cannot protect you from sexual transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS. Instead, use a condom for extra protection.
Birth control pills tend to cause irregular menstrual bleeding, very light menstrual flow and cramping. In some cases, you may miss periods for longer time.
Other serious birth control side effects of pills are migraine headaches, depression, gall bladder disease, high chances of developing liver cancer and rise in blood pressure. There will be very less satisfaction in sex.
You may experience nausea and spotting in the initial months of birth control pills usage. Blood clots and heart attacks are most serious birth control side effects but it is a very rare condition to occur with birth control pill.
There is a risk of developing cervical dysplasia with the use of birth control pills. On the other hand, you have higher risk of developing cervical cancer with the use of pills when you are with dysplasia and human papilloma virus (HPV).
If you are a pill user having diabetes, hypertension, high blood pressure, heart disease, high cholesterol levels in the blood and smoke regularly, then your chances of developing a heart stroke is very high when compared to some other pill users.
Taking the pill can lead to sudden change in the weight, bloating, dizziness, breast tenderness and mood swings. Also, you have an increased chance of getting vaginal infections.
Changing your birth control pill can reduce some of these birth control side effects. However, consulting your doctor regularly is very important for detecting these health risks at early stages.