Amenorrhea is the condition when your menstrual cycle stops. It is a common feature which is mostly seen in postmenopausal females.
Amenorrhea is mainly categorized into two types. One is primary amenorrhea and the other is secondary amenorrhea.
How primary amenorrhea differ from secondary amenorrhea?
If you are attaining 16 years of age without ever having menstruated then it can be primary amenorrhea.
This is mostly seen in girls who are lean and athletic.
It is mainly characterized with delayed secondary sexual characteristics like development of breast and pubic hair.
Some times with the normal development of secondary sexual characteristics, menstrual bleeding will be absent. Such cases are also considered as primary amenorrhea.
Most of you might think that pregnancy is one of the reasons, but there are many other reasons which can cause amenorrhea.
Why most of you suffer from amenorrhea?
- It is mainly caused due to abnormal behavior of hypothalamus and pituitary gland in most of the women. The abnormality in hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis is the main reason for amenorrhea to occur.
- Abnormality in the vaginal structure is also another cause for primary amenorrhea. The presence of an obstruction or a membrane in the vaginal structure can prevent the blood flow from uterus to the cervix.
- Hormonal imbalance is also one of the main reasons for amenorrhea. Polycystic ovary syndrome is the condition which causes comparatively higher levels of estrogen rather than fluctuating levels which is seen in normal menstrual periods. As a result, the hormones secreted by pituitary glands, which are responsible for ovulation are gradually reduced.
- Pregnancy is the most common cause for amenorrhea. When a fertilized egg is implanted in the uterus then the lining of the uterus keeps on nourishing the fetus. As a result, your menstrual cycle stops.
- Stress is also the most common cause for amenorrhea. Mental stress can temporarily stop your menstrual cycle. Due to stress, the functioning of hypothalamus, an area in the brain, which is responsible for regulation of hormones, is temporarily altered. As a result, ovulation and menstruation can stop.
- Extremely low body weight is also responsible for the interruption in your menstrual cycle. Due to low body weight, functioning of hormones gets disturbed which will result in halting of ovulation.
- Hypothyroidism, malfunctioning of thyroid gland commonly causes abnormal menstrual periods. They are also responsible for the production of prolactin hormone. Any alteration in the production level of prolactin can affect the functioning of hypothalamus and interrupts the menstrual periods.
Essential nutritional tips:
- Eat adequate nutrition which is required for your body. When you take insufficient calories, your body starts burning the proteins for energy. As a result, your bones become weak. So it is always important to take 60 to 90 grams of proteins daily with your meal.
- Take calcium rich food at every meal in a day to maintain healthy bone density. Daily exercise also keeps your bones strong and healthy.
- Some of the vitamins which help in resuming your menses are vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin B6. Zinc is also important for the proper functioning of reproductive system. Try to take the foods which are rich in these vitamins and keep your self healthy and strong.