Double uterus or uterus didelphys is a type of congenital uterine malformation in which two cervices or two uteri form together. Actually, the womb or uterus starts out as two small tubes.
When the fetus starts developing, these tubes normally join together and create one larger hollow organ called the uterus.
At times these two particular tubes don’t join completely; instead each one of these tubes develops into a separate cavity forming two different organs. This particular condition is commonly known as a double uterus.
Is it possible to recognize double uterus?
Many people will have an abnormality, without ever knowing anything about because it doesn’t show its influence on your fertility (increse fertility) or ability to give birth. Still today, many researchers don’t know what causes a uterus didelphys.
If you have a double uterus, you can never realize it even during your childbirth or pregnancy. Certain possible manifestations associated with the double uterus include:
- Abnormal bleeding such as unusual blood flow despite use of a tampon, during regular menstrual cycle.
- Unusual pain before or during regular menstrual periods.
- A mass in the pelvis.
The lower third of the uterus, a specific pear-shaped organ tucked away in your pelvis, hangs down into the vagina and it is known as a cervix. The upper portion is called the fundus and this is where the fertilized egg grows into a baby.
It is estimated that approximately 0.1-3.2% women have certain uterine abnormalities other than a double uterus. These specific abnormalities mainly include unicornuate uterus, bicornuate uterus and also sepate uterus.
In most cases, the double uterus is associated with kidney abnormalities, which implies that it can influence the development of related tubes before birth.
Does it have any effect on pregnancy?
The uterus didelphys is a very rare condition and at times is not even diagnosed. Many researchers estimated that the double uterus occurs in 2%-4% of women who experience normal pregnancies. Most women with a double uterus have a lot of variation in their ability to fall pregnant.
While some people never have any problems, others experience recurrent miscarriages or increased risk of second trimester pregnancy loss. A double uterus also causes premature birth or abnormal positions of the baby in the uterus.
If you know that you have an abnormally shaped uterus or abnormal reproductive organs, you can feel very anxious during pregnancy, particularly if you have any previous episodes of miscarriage in your life. It is better for you to take necessary suggestions from your obstetrician and try to stay relaxed as possible in order to avoid further health risks.