A low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion is usually written as LGSIL. This is something that is usually spotted during a routine pap smear and is when there is a growth on the squamous cells, which are just on the cervix’s surface.
What is a low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion?
The lesions come in two grades; low and high. These are terms that reference the abnormality of the squamous cells and just how much they are affecting the cervix. Low grade means that the cells are not too abnormal so the cervix is not highly affected.
They are usually caused from infections in the vaginal area or when there has been surgery; however, there is often no reason for them to occur. The good news is that low grade ones offer very little problem but they do need to be checked on regularly.
How a low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion is diagnosed
The cells are taken through two ways. The most common is from a routine pap smear, which will take the cells and then put through test for abnormalities. The second option is a colposcopy, which is a visual vaginal examination. This is usually done when the abnormal results are found from the pap smear.
There is usually a biopsy done when the colposcopy takes place. This will remove some of the tissue from other body parts, which is then looked at under a microscope and the disease or condition is determined.
Does a low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion mean cancer?
Cancer and a LGSIL are two completely different types of growths so it does not mean that you have cancer. However, it is important to keep an eye on the cells because there are chances that cancerous cells will develop afterwards. This is often seen as a warning for doctors and cervical cancer is a possibility; the doctor will be ready for this.
When it comes to a pap smear, a LGSIL is not likely to show up if cancer is present – you will know about the worst one first.
Treatment of a low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion
Treatment is not always necessary. There are times that the condition will go away on its own; however, this depends on the severity of the low grade condition. Mild ones will disappear on their own while others will need to be removed. This is something that your doctor will talk to you about, especially if cancer is a risk.
Treatment is often needed to help with the growth of healthy and normal cells. This will help to prevent the chance of cancer forming at any time. There are different methods that can be used for this, including freezing them and using lasers. Freezing is only usually the option when the affected area is small and are not in the cervix’s canal.
This is because this can be done in the doctor’s office and will only take minutes. Otherwise, lasers and heat are the preferred option, which is done in a hospital and takes longer to do and to heal.