Simply put, cervical bleeding is the blood lost by way of the vagina from the cervix. The origin of the bleeding could be the uterus, the cervix itself and could have many different reasons, some of which can be worrisome, but a majority may be quite innocuous. In this post, we look at abnormal bleeding from the vagina that is not related to a woman’s menstrual bleeding.
Identifying Cervical Bleeding
It is important to indentify firstly, where the bleeding is occurring from: rectal bleeding or bleeding from the bladder along with the urine has different causes and implications than bleeding from the cervix. Experts suggest the insertion of a tampon into the vagina to find out where the bleeding is coming from: the uterus, the cervix or the vagina.
The best way to identify the source of the vaginal bleeding is to consult with a doctor who will examine the woman to detect the source and nature of the bleeding and determine what treatment if any is required.
Possible Causes of cervical Bleeding
Polyps or fibroids – These are benign growths that could cause bleeding or spotting. Fibroids are to be found in the uterus and polyps could be present in the cervix as well as uterus. If symptoms are troublesome, treatment may be required.
Infections – Sexually transmitted infections such as HPV, pelvic inflammatory disease, and even yeast infections could result in bleeding from the cervix. Any other type of inflammation in the cervical area could also cause bleeding. Other symptoms such as foul smelling or unusual discharge and/or pain can accompany the infection.
Pregnancy related bleeding – Implantation that occurs about 10 or so days after conception could cause bleeding, which is harmless. However troublesome and potentially life threatening conditions such as an ectopic pregnancy or a miscarriage and other pregnancy complications can also cause cervical bleeding and so if there is pain and cramping along with the bleeding, report it promptly.
Birth control devices – An intra uterine device for birth control, hormonal birth control devices and pills can also cause some occasional spotting due to hormonal changes.
If a form of birth control has been recently started or changed, this could be the reason. Switching birth control methods may be the solution and should be discussed with the gynecologist.
Injury or trauma – Intercourse or insertion of a foreign object may cause bleeding. Other conditions such as ulceration, varicose veins, and cervical erosion and so on can also cause bleeding.
Cancer – Cancer or precancerous conditions present in the uterus, vagina or cervix could cause cervical bleeding.
This is not an exhaustive list and there could be other factors that underlie bleeding from the cervix. So it become clear that there could be many underlying causes, some that are innocuous and others that may be actually life threatening. However what is important is that no unusual cervical bleeding should be ignored. It should be investigated to rule out any serious conditions or to start any treatment that may be required promptly.