Women can survive from ovarian tumor if detected in early stages.
But it cannot be detected in early stages, as it shows mild or no symptoms until the disease has progressed to an advanced stage.
That’s the reason why it is called as “silent” cancer of the reproductive system. It ranks 5th in cancer deaths among women.
Ovarian tumor stages:
The ovarian tumor picture is classified into
Stage1: Confined only to ovaries
Stage2: Spreads to pelvis such as fallopian tube or uterus
Stage3: Spreads to lymph nodes and lining of abdomen
Stage4: Spreads to organs beyond abdomen
Early detection i.e. in stage 1 or 2 is benign ovarian tumor. Detection in this stage is hard but early detection can bring 5 years survival to 95%.
If the tumor is detected in 3rd or 4th stage, which is an advanced state of tumor, where this is spread to other organs, survival at this stage is less than 5%.
Tagging of the reasons:
- Epithelial tumor: the cancer tumors are developed in epithelial, the thin layer of tissue which covers ovaries and is seen in postmenopausal women.
- Germ cell tumors: seen in egg-producing cells of ovary often in younger women.
- Sufferers of breast cancer.
- First degree relatives who has ovarian tumor.
- Have never been pregnant.
- Early menstruation (before 12) and late menopause.
Detection of the tumor:
- An abnormal feeling of fullness or discomfort in pelvic region
- Unexplainable indigestion, gas and bladder disorders
- Pain during sexual inter course
- Irregular bleeding
- Swelling and pain in abdomen
- Urination urgency
- Loss of appetite
- Unusual loss or gain of weight
- A constant lack of energy
- Low back pain
- In post-menopausal woman, vaginal bleeding is seen
But showing these symptoms do not indicate ovarian tumor symptoms. If ovarian cancer is suspected, go for a regular gynecologist (vagina, uterus, rectum, pelvis including ovaries) check up, and if such abnormalities are noticed in regular check up, these examinations are necessary.
- antigen (blood test to detect CA 125, which is present in the blood of ovarian cancer)
- one or more various imaging procedures such as CTS and MRI’S
- barium enema test( gastro intestinal test, examinees with x –ray to have larger view of intestines)
These tests are prescribed to check the growth of the tumor.
Over whelming the silent killer:
The treatment includes two main sectors
- Surgery: This is opted when the tumor is detected in early stage. Surgery involves removing ovaries and its fallopian tube. But many women end with the surgery by not only removing ovaries and its fallopian tube, but also include uterus, lymph nodes and a fold of abdominal tissues and some times end up with removing a part of intestines.
- Chemotherapy: After surgery, chemotherapy drugs are used to kill cancer cells. A more demanding treatment which has recently shown the increase of survival in women at an advanced state of ovarian cancer is combining standard intravenous chemotherapy with chemotherapy directly injected into the abdominal cavity.
Heading away from the ovarian tumor:
- A break from the process of ovulation.
- Pregnancy breaks ovulation.
- Oral contraceptive pills decrease the ovulation.
- Breast feeding decrease the risk of disease.
- Multiple pregnancies can decrease the risk of disease.
Have a protein rich food and manage stress by breathing exercises and yoga. Maintaining proper weight can also help you to overcome ovarian tumor problem.