Do you have a uterus larger than the regular size? Are you diagnosed with pelvic organ diseases and frequently experience heavy and painful menstruations? Are you suffering from endometriosis, fibroids, or cancer in the womb and ovaries? If yes, then you must familiarize yourself with abdominal hysterectomy.
Abdominal hysterectomy is a type of surgical procedure most commonly performed to women wherein the uterus will be removed through an incision from your lower abdomen.
At times it includes also the removal of the ovaries and even the fallopian tube. Once a patient has already been advised to undergo an abdominal hysterectomy, there are three possible procedures that the doctor will perform and these are:
- Subtotal hysterectomy – the entire womb is removed but the cervix is not taken.
- Total hysterectomy – the womb and the cervix as well must be removed.
- Radical hysterectomy – the womb, the fallopian tubes and a part of the vagina is all removed.
Studies proved that abdominal hysterectomy is very effective in treating some major diseases among women like gynecological cancer, fibroids, endometriosis, uterine prolapsed, excessive vaginal bleeding, and frequent pelvic pain. The whole procedure is generally safe but it still has side effects like:
- Blood clotting
- Too much bleeding
- Side effects of anesthesia
- Permanent damages to your bladder, urinary tract, rectum and other parts of the pelvis during the surgery
- Early occurrence of menopause
In order for it to be successful, you must undergo several tests required by your doctor before the procedure like pap smear test, endometrial biopsy, and a pelvic ultrasound. This surgery requires you to be admitted in the hospital.
Don’t worry since you won’t be able to feel anything since you’ll be under general anesthesia the whole time. The whole procedure takes at least two hours to finish.
After the abdominal hysterectomy, it would take a while before you can get back to your normal health again. During your recovery time, you are advised to follow these set of rules:
- Make sure that you get plenty of rests
- Don’t lift anything heavy for the duration of your recovery period
- Avoid any sexual activity for at least six weeks
- Follow your doctor’s advice religiously
After a successful abdominal hysterectomy recovery, there will definitely be noticeable changes in your life that may or may not be easy for you to accept. The most common changes are the following:
- You will no longer have menstruation
- You will never be able to become pregnant or bear any child
- If you are still young and undergone abdominal hysterectomy, you will experience menopause even at your age.
- You will have increased chances of having cervical cancer
Going through abdominal hysterectomy may be very stressful and hard to a woman, and can sometimes even be frustrating to her partner.
But one must always remember that the most important thing is that you are able to live a longer and healthier life.