Dilation and curettage (D and C) is a process or a procedure wherein the cervix of the uterus gets expanded or dilated in order to remove the lining of the uterine with a curette which is a spoon shaped instrument. This procedure is performed in many cases and due to a lot of reasons and in most cases; it is done to know the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding.
This process is also done in the case when tissue has to be removed after a miscarriage. While it may be an important and necessary procedure to be followed in many cases, it does have a lot of side effects. The following are some of the main side effects of dilation and curettage or D and C.
- One of the main side effects of D and C is the vaginal bleeding which a lot of women may experience after the operation or procedure has been done. This is a common side effect and happens in most of the cases. It is normal to experience this as the bleeding stops after some time. If not, then one must consult the doctor.
- Another common side effect or after effect of getting a D and C procedure done is experiencing cramping in the pelvic region of the body. This type of cramping feels a lot like the cramping felt during menstruation. It may continue for a few days after the process and may eventually subside. There are many over the counter medicines which may help to reduce the pain.
- Another main and common complication that may arise as a side effect of D and C is the perforation of the uterus through either the curette or the dilators. If the problem is not very serious, then the hole may heal after a few days but the risk of this issue is large for those who have a narrowed opening of the cervix or for those who have a distorted internal uterine anatomy.
- Another possible complication or side effect of dilation and curettage is an injury to the cervix. In most cases where tears and cuts have been formed during the procedure, the problem can be treated using the application of some local medication. These may help reduce and stop the bleeding but in some serious cases, stitches may be required.
- Due to the bleeding after the surgery, there may be a risk of infection as well. This is another side effect that is related to dilation and curettage procedure. Infections are rare but not unheard of and can be managed through oral antibiotics and other such ways.
There is no certain way to avoid any of these complications and the only thing that you can do is to opt for an experienced and skilled doctor or surgeon who has performed many successful surgeries prior to your case. For this, always contact an established and licensed doctor or surgeon by asking your friends or family about the same.