Generally, X-rays and Ultrasound examinations can diagnose various conditions within the abdomen and pelvis but they too have certain limitations.
However, there comes certain condition where a most clear picture of the abdomen and pelvis emergence is essential.
Therefore, laparoscopy is best to view the organs of the abdomen and pelvis directly.
Laparoscopy is also referred to as Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) or keyhole surgery.
It is a special kind of surgery that makes use of telescopes to examine the interior parts of the human body.
Actually, the term ‘Laparoscopy‘comes from two Greek words: Lapara and Skopein. Lapara means “the soft parts of the body between the rib margins and hips,” whereas skopein means “to view or examine.”
Earlier, in the beginning, gynecologists used laparoscopy only for the diagnosis of diseases of the ovary and uterus [Laparoscopy for ovarian cancer]. However, in the late 1980s, laparoscopic techniques were introduced in removal of the gallbladder.
And now, the fiber optic instruments and video cameras allow surgical procedures on the smallest of structures and with the help of laparoscopy, a variety of critical conditions can be treated. The most common of them are gallstones, appendicitis, bowel disorders, hernias, etc.
Thus, the use of laparoscopy has been extended to surgical procedures. Some of the problems that can be diagnosed or treated by laparoscopy are: female infertility, female reproductive system problems, ectopic pregnancy, adhesions, urinary system diseases, cancers of the internal organs, and ascites.
The laparoscope is a sterile surgical instrument that has special optics that allows small amounts of light to be transmitted effectively.
Laparoscopy can be performed under local or general anesthetic, depending on the nature of the procedure. During the laparoscopy surgery, the telescope will be introduced into your body through the small incisions and a tiny camera broadcasts the video data to a special type of television screen adjacent to the operation table.
Then, the tools necessary for the surgery will be inserted into your body through some other incisions making it possible to carry out all necessary procedures such as cutting, retracting, stitching and stapling.
With laparoscopy surgery, you can have unarguable advantages. You’ll have a shorter post-operative period with less pain and reduced level of scarring. There will be a smoother recovery and shorter time to stay at hospitals.
Also, the avoidance of a large abdominal incision diminishes some of the post-op complications associated with the heart and lungs. Additionally, the mortality rate is decreased with some laparoscopy procedures when compared to the old open surgical procedures.
The most common effects that you may expect after the surgical procedure are: some kind of soreness around the incision site, shoulder pain caused due to the gas pumped into the abdominal cavity, a feeling of abdominal bloating, nausea, abdominal pains, and constipation.
However, for pelvic procedures there may be a light bleeding or discharge from the vagina.
Most of these effects of laparoscopy surgery resolve within one or two days. If it doesn’t disappear, then consult your doctor or surgeon immediately.