You can get HIV from sex. You can get HIV from touching someone with the infection. You can get HIV from…There are a variety of thoughts about how HIV is transmitted but many of them are just myths. It is important to work out which ones are myths and which ones are facts, so you can remain safe.
You can get HIV from sex
Sexual intercourse is one of the most common ways of how HIV is transmitted. This can be from vaginal intercourse, anal sex and even oral sex. This is one of the most common ways for the virus to be transmitted from people and the only way to avoid it is through the use of a condom.
The problem is that HIV is passed through from the sexual fluids, which means the pre-come and semen from a man and the vaginal fluids that are produced to help with lubrication. The infection is usually passed on due to the breaks in the skin and tissues, which are mostly common in the anus, which is why it was commonly believed to be only among gay men. It can also pass through from a cut that is in the skin, which may be so small or so deep in the vagina that a woman would not realize that it is there.
Contact with any blood during intercourse will also lead to a risk of infection occurring. This may happen due to the woman being on her period or because there has been a break in the skin, in the anus or in the mouth. Bleeding gums also increase the chances of HIV being passed on. Oral risk carries a lower risk than any other type, but that risk is still there.
How HIV is transmitted
HIV can be passed by using drugs and sharing needles. This is because the needle is being placed directly into the vein, where there is blood. This is the reason why all needles in the hospital must be sterilized, as well as to avoid other infections. Passing the infection through the use of needles is also something that may be seen with tattoos and piercings. There are regulations when it comes to hygiene in developed countries, but this is not something that is common in the developing world.
Mothers can pass on the infection to their children and this is something that is common in the developing world. This is due to the blood that is involved during birth and also from breastfeeding. There are drugs that can be taken to help with lowering the chances of the infection passing and there are also steps to take to help reduce the risk.
In the past, people were infected with HIV from blood transfusions. This is also something that may happen in countries where blood donations are not tested thoroughly. However, in the developed countries, all blood used for transfusions is tested for HIV first of all.
The myths of HIV
It is not possible to catch the infection through coughing, sneezing or sharing glasses. This is because the virus will only spread through bodily fluids – not saliva. It is not an airborne virus and cannot live outside of the host without being in strict conditions. Once it touches the air, the virus will usually die quickly.
Touching a person with the virus is not how HIV is transmitted. The only time that it is possible is if two open wounds meet and there is blood contact. Kissing will also not usually pass the infection, unless both people have open wounds or bleeding gums.