Gonorrhea is a highly infectious and most common sexually transmitted disease that is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which infects the reproductive organs.
It initially starts in the cervix, then spread to the fallopian tubes and the urethra. It also infects the anus, mouth, throat, and eyes.
Gonorrhea treatment is available in the form of antibiotic therapy. Gonorrhea, when treated in the early stage (before you development any long-term health problems) can provide effective results.
For this, it is essential to follow the treatment regularly as directed by the doctor and avoid sexual activities until you get cured completely.
Gonorrhea is also known as “the clap” or “the drip.” when this sexually transmitted disease is left untreated, then the bacteria can attack the reproductive system or can enter the bloodstream and spread the infection to the joints, heart valves, and brain.
It can also lead to another sexual transmitted disease called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), an infection of woman’s reproductive organs.
Sexually transmitted diseases are the diseases that can transmit easily through sexual intercourse with an infected person. On the other hand, gonorrhea can spread through the exchange of body fluids (blood, saliva) of an infected person. [Gonorrhea Symptoms]
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it is found that around 75% of the gonorrhea cases in the United States are aged between 15 and 29.
It is also found that 50% of gonorrhea cases also have chlamydia infections. So, gonorrhea treatment should include antibiotics to treat both infections at the same time.
Antibiotic therapy of gonorrhea treatment can effectively treat the condition for only that period of time where you follow the treatment as prescribed by your doctor.
In the gonorrhea treatment, the antibiotics kill the bacteria that cause the condition. It is usually prescribed only when you are with mild infection, not pregnant and your test results are positive.
Several medications such as Ceftriaxone (Rocephin), Spectinomycin (Trobicin), Cefixine (Suprax), Levofloxacin (Levaquin), Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) or Ofloxacin (Floxin) can be used for gonorrhea treatment.
Ceftriaxone is a part of antibiotics class called cephalosporins. It is an intra-muscular injection that is given into a muscle.
Generally 125 mg of ceftriaxone is prescribed to kill the bacteria through preventing the bacteria from making cell wall. Without cell wall, bacteria become helpless and finally die.
On the other hand, Spectinomycin is an intramuscular injection. For every 12 hours, 2 grams will be given into a muscle. Cefixine, Levofloxacin, Ciprofloxacin, and Ofloxacin are oral medications that can be taken through mouth.
Cefixine – 400mg, Ciprofloxacin – 500mg, Oflaxin – 400mg and Levofloxacin – 250mg will be given as a single dose to treat gonorrhea.
However, if you are pregnant and your test results are positive then you may be prescribed only ceftriaxone. In some cases, spectinomycin may also be prescribed in your antibiotic therapy for gonorrhea treatment.
When the bacteria is spread into the bloodstream, generally the antibiotic therapy of gonorrhea treatment will be given in the hospital with intravenous drugs.