Menopause is the permanent cessation of ovarian function occurring some time before the end of the natural lifespan. In human females, menopause usually happens more or less in midlife, signaling the end of the fertile phase of a woman’s life.

To a woman who had several deliveries in the past it could be a relief, but to the woman still hoping to bear a child it is sad news.

But, whatever side you are, there is no question you both have to deal with the same concerns like the dramatic changes in mood as a result of fluctuations in the reproductive hormones, the hot flashes, itching or tingling skin sensations, vaginal drying and atrophy.

Since there is no way to turn back the hands of time and the biological clock closely ticking by, knowing what to expect and how to deal with them will make a lot of difference.

The first thing to do is look for a support system, it could be a sister or a friend that you can talk to or is probably having the same experience that you have. In women, being able to talk and communicate feelings makes things easier to bear.

Keep in mind that these symptoms are temporary and once the perimenopause is over all the symptoms will disappear.

Visit your Gynecologist and ask about hormone replacement therapy (HRT), this may deal with some problems, however, they also have side effects like palpitations, depression, anxiety, irritability, mood swings, memory problems, lack of concentration, vaginal dryness and also urgency of urination.

Menstrual change is another concern as it tends to be highly irregular in occurrence even in bleeding episode. Some may experience shorter or longer days; others may have episodes of spotting or missed menstruation period.

This is also the time when you will feel a lot of pain and discomfort because menopause is associated with migraine headaches, atherosclerosis, and increased heartbeat.

This period also marks an increased incidence of urinary infections and vaginal candidiasis. Back, joint and muscle pains are also common and there is a high risk of developing osteoporosis.

A marked decrease in libido or sexual urge is also noticeable and some may even experience painful intercourse.

And the most disturbing to the woman and her family is her sudden attacks of depression and anxiety. So it is very important to verbalize your feeling to your family so they will be patient and understand what you are going through.