Knee pain is something that can happen to healthy and active; relatively young women as well, causing the apprehension that there is something wrong that may hamper good health and regular activity. So what are the causes of keen pain and how serious can they be?

Why keen pain happens?

Our knees are weight bearing joints that bend and flex and are constantly in motion. As one of the body’s largest and most complicated joints; and ones that are constantly in use and under pressure, the knees can be very easy to injure.

Knee PainTrauma can cause injuries such as a torn ligament or cartilage and these can often happen due to contact sport.

However simple overuse (such as when you get into a regular fitness or exercise program) can also result in keen pain.

Common conditions that cause knee pain

  • Tendonitis: It occurs when the tendons swell or become inflamed and sore. This condition is also known as jumper’s knee and is a condition often caused by overuse.
  • Osteoarthritis: This is a degenerative joint disease and is usually seen in people older than 60 years. It doesn’t matter whether a person is physically very active or not; this condition has various other deciding factors.
  • Medial plica syndrome: It refers to the irritation of the pilca, which is the fold of the knee joint which can cause pain and swelling due to strain of overuse.
  • Dislocation or partial dislocation: This is more often caused by a structural defect of the knees and less often by trauma or injury. This happens when the knee cap slides out of position slightly or to a greater extent, and is commonly seen among teenage females.
  • Bursitis: These are sacs of fluid that cushion the movement of the knees. Overuse or injury can cause inflammation or irritation to the ‘bursa’ which are these fluid sacs can cause the condition that is often referred to as the Preacher’s Knee or the Housemaid’s knee.
  • Bone Chips: A fall or injury could cause a bit of the bone to chip off and lodge within the cartilage causing pain and swelling.
  • Iliotibial band syndrome: Irritation or strain in the strip of tissue that runs from the shin up to the hip can cause knee pain as well.
  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease:  A painful bump below the knee characterises this condition and is again the result of overuse and strain of the tendons.

The important thing is to get knee pain evaluated by a health care professional or a physiotherapist to find out why it occurs and to prevent any deterioration of the joint.