Gestational diabetes is a condition in which a pregnant female experiences really high levels of blood glucose. This type of diabetes occurs in pregnant women and about 4% of all pregnancies are accompanied by gestational diabetes.

gestational diabetes in first trimester

It is a known fact that during pregnancy, all females experience impaired intolerance towards glucose and this is a result of the hormonal changes that occur in the body. Let’s know about the risks of gestational diabetes in first trimester:

Who is at risk of gestational diabetes in first trimester of pregnancy?

The following are some factors which can increase the chances of gestational diabetes during the first trimester of pregnancy:

  • The women who are overweight before pregnancy have more chances of developing gestational diabetes in the first trimester.  Infact if a female is 20% or more overweight than her normal or ideal body weight, then the risk is higher.
  • Women who are a part of the high risk ethnic groups including Asian, Black, Hispanic, and Native American have a higher chance of developing gestational diabetes during pregnancy.
  • If a female has sugar content in her urine, then even in this condition, the risk of gestational diabetes is much more.
  • Another risk of gestational diabetes during pregnancy is having a family history of diabetes.
  • If a female has previously given birth to a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds, then she might be at a higher risk of suffering from high levels of blood glucose.
  • The risk is even high in the case when a woman has had history of gestational diabetes during previous pregnancy.
  • Impaired glucose tolerance can also lead to developing of gestational diabetes during the first three months of pregnancy.
  • Females with too much of amniotic fluid may be at the radar of gestational diabetes during pregnancy.

Causes of gestational diabetes:

The following are the main reasons or causes of gestational diabetes:

  • Gestational diabetes generally occurs due to hormonal changes that occur at the time or during pregnancy. These condition generally first shows up during the first trimester.
  • Increase in the level of certain hormones which are made in the placenta interfere with the insulin’s ability to manage glucose. This is called insulin resistance and due to this, the placenta grows larger in size during the time of pregnancy.  This growth in the size produces more hormones and thereby increases the resistance to insulin even further.