Diabetes is a serious health condition that occurs with the high levels of glucose in the blood due to the body’s inability to produce insulin and breakdown the glucose in the blood.
Glucose is the main source of energy for the body’s cells. It enters the cells with the help of insulin.
Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas to control the glucose levels in the blood.
There is no cure for diabetes and your health condition can become complicated if left untreated.
Diabetes treatment should target at balancing the normal glucose level in the blood.
By maintaining normal blood sugar levels, it is possible to stay healthy for a longer period because it reduces the long-term complications such as heart diseases, kidney damages, damage to the blood vessels, and problems of eyes, skin, mouth and feet.
Diabetes is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. It is found that approximately 17 million people are with diabetes and 40% of them are unaware of the condition.
Diabetes can be identified with the signs such as excessive hunger, thirst, urination, fatigue, dehydration, blurred vision, recurrent infections, and sudden changes in weight.
The diabetes treatment depends on the factors such as the amount of insulin your body produces and the ability of the body in using the insulin that is produced. It also depends on your age, diabetes type, and overall health condition.
Diabetes treatment can be done at home with few lifestyle changes. It includes healthy diet(Diabetic Diet to maintain glucose levels), regular exercise and maintaining proper weight. For this type of diabetes treatment, you need to consult a dietitian for proper guidance.
On the other hand, insulin treatment is an easy and convenient diabetes treatment to control the glucose levels in the body. Insulin is an alternative diabetes treatment for those who are unable to control the glucose levels in the blood through diet and exercise.
In order to have effective results with insulin treatment, it is essential to control your weight.
Insulin treatment for diabetes depends on your weight, age, and diabetes severity. Your doctor will consider these factors before giving you insulin treatment. For you, there are several insulin types depending on its effectiveness.
Ultra-Short-Acting Insulin: Insulin lispro (humalog) and insulin aspart (novorapid) are two insulin injections that need to be taken before meals.
Short-Acting Insulin: It is also known as neutral insulin. To work effectively, it takes nearly half an hour to one hour after you get injected. Actrapid and Humulin R are two short-acting insulin types for diabetes treatment.
Intermediate-Acting Insulin: Isophane and Lente are two insulin injections. Isophane works 1-2 hours after you take injection. It works effectively for 16-24 hours.
Lente insulin takes 1-3 hours time to start working after you get injected. Intermediate-acting insulin is taken in combination with short-acting insulin.
Long-Acting Insulin: Also known as Ultralente insulin. It takes 2-4 hours to start working once you get injected. It works effectively nearly 24-28 hours. It is to be taken at meals. It is often used along with short-acting insulin.
By taking treatment for diabetes, the glucose levels in the blood can be controlled.