Kidney problems are of many types and each may result due to a different reason or cause. Kidneys are a pair of important organs in the body which perform various vital functions and help to keep the blood clean. Most of the problems related to kidneys are due to the attack on the nephrons which cause them to lose their filtering ability. Since this process takes a long time, kidney problems become serious and noticeable after a long period of time. The most common causes of kidney problems in women are diabetes and high blood pressure. Let’s take a look at these and more causes closely:
Kidney infection is one of the most common causes of a kidney problem in women. A kidney infection happens when some kind of bacteria spreads into the uterus from the bladder and also the kidneys. Repeated infections of this kind may lead to kidney failure.
Our kidneys are meant to filter out the chemicals, wastes and other unwanted fluids of the body but in some cases, the kidneys might be unable to dissolve some of these chemicals which might take shape of crystals called as kidney stones.
While most of these crystals pass from the kidneys to the bladder, some of the larger ones remain in the kidneys itself. These stones can cause a lot of pain to the person and might result in other kidney problems.
Kidney failure is mainly caused due to decreased supply of the blood to the kidneys. This is a prerenal cause of kidney failure and some examples of such a cause are hypovolemia, dehydration caused due to loss of body fluid, poor intake of fluids, medication such as diuretics that cause excessive loss of water from the body and abnormal blood flow from and to the kidney due to the obstruction of the renal artery or the vein.
On the other hand, some renal causes of kidney failure are sepsis, medications, rhabdomyolysis, multiple myeloma and inflammation of the filtering system of the body.
The following people are more likely to experience or suffer from a kidney problem:
- People who have diabetes
- People with really high blood pressure
- People with some or the other kind of vascular disease
- People with heart problems
People with a history of other kinds of kidney problems such as kidney infections, kidney stones etc.