Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) basically refers to problems with sex.
The problems may relate to a decrease in sex drive, a strong aversion in sexual activities, trouble in becoming aroused, lack of ability to reach orgasm, reduced blood flow to the vagina or pain with sexual intercourse.
In other words, the disorders associated with female sexual dysfunction are: hypoactive sexual disorder, sexual aversion disorder, sexual arousal disorder, female orgasm disorder, vaginismus and dyspareunia.
Sexual act is very intricate and is related to the neurologic, vascular, and endocrine systems. It is estimated that about eighty four million women are with female sexual dysfunction.
Sexual dysfunction in woman is very common. It is an age-related problem affecting nearly forty percent of all women (globally). Several factors are interconnected to cause female sexual dysfunction.
The factors that cause sexual dysfunction are: Diabetes, arthritis, vaginal atrophy, cancers like cervical cancer and ovarian cancer, heart disease, neurological disorders, urinary problems, headaches, high cholesterol levels, hypertension, smoking, alcoholism, drug abuse and gynecological diseases.
The side effects of specific medications (blood pressure drugs and antidepressants) can lead to reduced sex drive and sex performance.
During menopause the hormones levels will change, particularly the estrogen levels will decrease. This can lead to changes in your genital tissues and sexual responsiveness. Sexual intercourse becomes painful and reaching an orgasm may take long time for you.
Nervousness, depression, tiredness, illness, guiltiness, strain, sexual abuse, fear of pain or becoming pregnant and lack of communication with your partner are some of the psychological factors that can cause sexual disorders.
With female sexual dysfunction, you may experience very low sexual desire, unable to enjoy sexual activities, fail to reach an orgasm, or lack of vaginal lubrication.
A female sexual dysfunction can be noticed easily. With this condition, you never feel to have or undergo sexual activities. This indicates that you have a sexual problem.
Consult a gynecologist or urologist because your general health care provider may not understand your condition fully. Be open with the doctor while discussing your problem about the causes, symptoms, sexual life, medical history, and regular medications.
Doctor may evaluate and also perform pelvic examination and recommends a swab test and urine test. Vaginal fluid swabs will be tested for infections and cervical swabs will be tested for sexual transmitted diseases.
Once the test results are observed, your doctor may start treating the condition. However, the treatment for female sexual dysfunction depends on the cause of the condition.
As female sexual dysfunction is multifactor disorder, it requires both medical and nonmedical treatments, which includes hormone replacement therapy, vascular treatment and education on female anatomy.
Hormone replacement therapy is generally recommended for hormonal dysfunction or for the changes in hormone levels.
Vascular treatment is recommended when you have a vascular or blood flow problem.
Education on female anatomy arousal, and response is suggested when blood flow, hormone levels, and sexual anatomy are normal.
The treatment may also include changes in your sexual activities, changes in current medications or including a new medication, or surgery.