Although it is normal to experience some bleeding during every month, called menstrual period, you could also be faced with irregular bleeding.
This refers to bleeding other than the menstrual cycle. There are different causes for this condition, such as hormonal changes or infection.
Cause of bleeding that is irregular
There are numerous different causes that could make women experience this kind of bleeding. In some cases this cause is never found. In other cases the condition is influenced by the age of the patient and the site of the bleeding. It is also possible to experience the bleeding because of a pregnancy.
If this is not the case, then the bleeding that is irregular could be induced by contraception methods, such as injection, pill or IUD, polyps or fibroids of the uterus, trauma of the vagina, different kinds of medications, like anti-epilepsy medication or anticoagulants, thyroid disorders or in rare cases, cancer.
Methods for diagnosing
When faced with irregular bleeding it might be enough for the doctor to perform a physical exam and to see the medical history to find the cause of the bleeding.
In other cases the tests that women could have include cervical smear or swabs, blood tests, pregnancy tests, ultrasound or even D&C.
In case of bleeding that is irregular D&C refers to widening the cervix and removing the lining of the uterus.
Options to treat the condition
Naturally, just as in any case the treatment depends on the cause of the bleeding. The possible treatments for irregular bleeding include anti-inflammatory medication, a change of the contraception method, antibiotics, hormone therapy, removal of the polyps, fibroids or cancers through surgery, anti-bleeding medication, and other kinds of treatments for the possible underlying conditions.
In case you are faced with bleeding that is irregular, there are some things that you could do at home to make your situation better. As an example, it might be good to have more sleep, have a healthy diet, do some exercises and it is also wise to keep a diary of the symptoms so that you will have something to show your doctor.
Relieving the pain
It is possible that the irregular bleeding is also accompanied by pain. One of the actions you could take is to have some rest. Do so by curling up and bringing your knees to your chest, while lying on your side. It may also be good to place something warm on your abdomen, such as a wheat bag or hot water bottle.
Other options for pain relief in case of bleeding that is irregular includes having a hot bath, do some exercise and opt for loose clothing. Also try massaging the painful area and practice some relaxation techniques. Take some painkillers, such as paracetamol, but never use aspirin. Think about taking magnesium or B1 supplements.
As you can see there are different causes of irregular bleeding and also there are different kinds of treatment options. You just have to find the one that works for you.