Most women experience some sort of irregularity in their menstrual cycle.
Sometimes, missing a cycle completely, or bleeding between periods is normal and, to some extent, expected.
If a woman’s period is either absent or occurs for long intervals, then it’s time to speak with a health care provider.
If the doctor determines that Oligomenorrhea is the cause, the woman’s chance of becoming pregnant is significantly reduced.
What Is Oligomenorrhea?
This condition is a complication of the normal menstruation cycle. The term Oligomenorrhea is described as light periods or infrequent menstruation.
If a woman does not get her period on a regular basis or if she has light menstrual periods than normal, she is said to be suffering from Oligomenorrhea.
Normally, this condition occurs after a woman has had a regular period of some time. For example, a young woman starts her period at the age of 16. After two years of regular periods, she suddenly experiences light flows that only last a couple of days or missed periods all together.
There are several symptoms that may occur with Oligomenorrhea. These can include having less than nine periods in a year, unpredictable periods, difficulty conceiving, periods that are more than 35 days apart, and easily broken bones. If you have these symptoms, it’s time to speak with your gynecologist.
Usually, there are environmental factors that can be changed that could help a woman’s period return to normal. These factors include physical illness, emotional stress, poor nutrition, over exercise, and frequent travel.
These can all disrupt a woman’s monthly cycle. Female athletes often suffer from Oligomenorrhea.
However, sometimes Oligomenorrhea can be caused by physiological problems. These issues must be addressed in order for the body to restore the menstruation cycle.
One of these problems is a lack of synchronization between the pituitary gland, the hypothalamus, and the ovaries.
If these three parts of the body do not send messages to each other in the right order, then a missed period can be the result. In most cases, this will correct itself, but sometimes a little help may be needed.
Other causes of Oligomenorrhea include hormonal imbalances and polycystic ovarian syndrome. Hormonal imbalances occur when the body produces too many male hormones and not enough female hormones. This causes menstrual irregularity.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome occurs when cysts form inside the ovaries as a result of the body producing too many male hormones. Both of these problems can be treated and may help to regulate the menstrual cycle.
Treatment options for light periods will depend upon the cause of the condition. These treatments can range from reducing environmental factors, such as stress, to medications, such as hormones like birth control pills. These hormone medications help stabilize hormone levels in the body, which will help to regulate menstruation.
Treating Oligomenorrhea is Imperative
Since Oligomenorrhea can cause serious issues with fertility, it does require the right treatment. While it may sound like a light or infrequent period would be a good thing, it’s not.
It’s best to get any problem with your menstrual cycle diagnosed and treated immediately. This can prevent more problems later on. If you have the above symptoms, schedule an appointment with your gynecologist.