Sometimes, you experience irregular or missed periods for several months at the ages of 20s, 30s and 40s. This can be the symptom of premature ovarian failure.
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is the condition used to illustrate the dysfunction of the ovaries or reduction of the follicles in your body before the age of 40.
In medical terms, this condition is also called as primary ovarian insufficiency. This condition affects 1-4% of the women.
What are the conditions you experience with premature ovarian failure?
The first and the most common issue that you experience due to premature ovarian failure are missed or irregular menstrual periods. But, some of you experience the symptoms same as the women experience during their menopause state. These conditions include:
- Poor concentration
- Lack of interest in sexual intercourse
- Experiencing pain during the intercourse
- Vaginal dryness
- Night sweats
- Mood swings
- Bladder control problems
- Sleeping disorders
- Hot flashes
Premature ovarian failure keeps you at the risk of some more serious health related conditions such as:
Improper functioning of thyroid: This condition affects metabolism and leads to very low energy. Replacement of the thyroid hormone is only the treatment option.
Heart disease: This is also one of the health concerns related to premature ovarian failure. In order to treat this condition, you need to undergo hormone replacement therapy and regular moderate physical activity.
Osteoporosis: This is loss of bone strength and bone density. Proper intake of vitamin D, calcium, and regular physical activity can help in reducing the risk (osteoporosis prevention).
Premature ovarian failure and infertility:
POF can affect the women at any stage of life. This may be after birth of a baby or even before you start getting your menstrual periods. So, the most irresistible part of this issue is the factor of infertility or becoming pregnant. POF leads to the cessation of your periods and it is almost impossible to become pregnant without proper treatment.
Here are the treatment options for treating premature ovarian failure:
The treatments for POF mainly include fertility treatments like the usage of fertility drugs, donor eggs or child adoption. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the most common choice for POF as this can help in balancing the hormones and inducing ovulation.
HRT is the combination of hormones progesterone and estrogen. You can take them in the form of pills. The dosage varies from person to person.
Assisted reproductive therapy (ART) or usage of donor eggs is also a good choice to have a baby. In vitro fertilization procedure is a good option for getting pregnant. In this procedure, a donor egg is fertilized in the lab with your partner’s sperm and it is placed inside your uterus for getting pregnancy. But, this method has its own pros and cons.
Also, adopting a child is a very rewarding experience and a most natural method of looking beyond premature ovarian failure.
So, there is no need to worry if you have POF. There are various treatment options available for your condition to have a healthy baby.