Unexpected bleeding during normal days can cause discomfort for any woman.

Anything other than normal menstrual bleeding is a great problem for a woman.

So it is always important to know about abnormal bleeding.

Normal vaginal bleeding:

For any woman normally vagina bleeds, this is called menorrhea.

During menstrual cycle normal periodic flow of blood is considered as normal bleeding. In normal vaginal bleeding, blood is discharged from uterus to vagina.Vaginal Bleeding

During this normal menstrual period the blood flow lasts for 4 days. This will be repeated for every 28 days up to menopause stage and is called menstrual cycle.

What is abnormal vagina bleeding?

Anything other than normal menstrual bleeding is considered as abnormal bleeding of vagina. This is mostly seen in women who have crossed 50, that is in their postmenopausal stage. Bleeding between periods is also considered as abnormal vagina bleeding.

Why does your vagina bleed abnormally?

The causes for abnormal bleeding could any thing like,

  • If you are using any birth control pills and suddenly stopped, then there would be a chance for vaginal bleeding.
  • Any infections at opening of vagina are also responsible for vaginal bleeding.
  • Due to abnormal hormonal changes or any fluctuations in hormone levels, vaginal bleeding takes place.
  • After your menopause stage, vaginal walls will become dry due to lack of estrogen. This can also be the cause for you vagina to bleed.
  • Spontaneous abortion during pregnancy.
  • Vaginal bleeding can also be due to underactive functioning of thyroid gland which is called hypothyroidism.
  • Ectopic pregnancy, which means early pregnancy, is associated with heavy bleeding.
  • Any injury to vagina from sexual abuse can also cause vaginal bleeding.
  • It can be due to uterus cancer or cervix cancer.
  • It can also be due to heavy stress in your daily life.
  • Certain anti-biotics and drugs such as anti- coagulants are also responsible for abnormal bleeding.
  • Anovulation is also a cause for bleeding in irregular periods. This usually occurs when you have menstrual cycle but your ovaries cannot release an egg.
  • Presence of fibroids in the uterus can also lead to abnormal bleeding.

What can you do when you notice that your vagina is bleeding?

  • First and foremost thing you need to do is, check whether blood is flowing from vagina or anus or through urine, then immediately consult a gynecologist for medical attention and be certain with your menstrual periods. Always keep a record of your menstrual period for future reference.
  • Take rest if bleeding is very heavy, and avoid any sort of strain or stress. Maintain very good diet with nutritious food.
  • If you are pregnant and experiencing abnormal bleeding then you should immediately consult the doctor.
  • Avoid taking aspirin as it will lead to prolonged bleeding.