PCOS treatment for infertility involves the use of medications and medical procedures to induce ovulation.
PCOS (Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome), an endocrinological disorder that equates to the fertility problem in women of reproductive age, is also known as Stein-Leventhal Syndrome.
PCOS Treatment For Infertility – Medications Usage
The first PCOS treatment for Infertility is usually the administration of medications to stimulate ovulation.
Clomiphene citrate (Clomid or Serophene)
An oral fertility drug used to stimulate ovulation, correct ovulation process, to improve egg production and to fix luteal phase deficiency. The drug is taken for five days early in the menstrual cycle. Clomid may become futile with a long use, for more than six cycles.
With some evidence, it has been stated that continual use of the drug, for twelve or more cycles, may increase the risk of ovarian cancer.
It is an insulin-sensitizing agent used to induce ovulation. Common Metformin medications include, Generic Metformin Hcl, Glucophage, and Glucophage XR. If Clomid fails to ovulate, a combination of “Metformin” and “Clomid” is taken as a PCOS treatment drugs for infertility.
The medication ‘Metformin’ increases the fertility by improving the effectiveness of the insulin while decreasing the insulin levels and in turn androgen levels. Normalizing the androgen levels enhances the natural ovulation.
hCG (human chorionic gonadotrophin) (Profasi)
An intramuscular injection used in conjunction with Clomid. The effect of hCG on follicle is same as LH (luteinizing hormone). HCG stimulates the follicle to release its egg (ovulate) approximately 36 hours later.
Ovulation may be blocked, when hCG is taken too early. Ovarian hyper stimulation and cyst formation can result with too much hCG usage.
The other commonly used PCOS treatment drugs for infertility include hMG (human menopausal gonadotrophin), FSH (follicle stimulating hormone), GnRH (gonadotrophin releasing hormone), GnRHa (GnRH analogs) and Prolactin inhibition drugs.
PCOS Treatment For Infertility – Medical Procedures
IUI (intrauterine insemination)
A basic PCOS treatment for women with infertility problem is intrauterine insemination, also known as Artificial Insemination. It is a fast and painless medical procedure where the male partner’s sperm is introduced directly into the female’s uterus (intrauterine) for the purpose of conception.
The procedure is usually done in conjunction with the ovarian stimulation drugs because regular menstrual cycle and healthy ovulation makes conception very successful.
IVF (in-vitro fertilization)
A simpler, safer and more successful PCOS treatment option to induce ovulation in infertile women is in vitro fertilization. The procedure involves the removal of eggs from female partner’s body and fertilizing them with the sperm of male partner.
The embryo (fertilized egg) is then introduced into the uterus (womb). Ovarian stimulation drugs (hCG, hMG, FSH or progesterone) are used to stimulate the ovaries to produce fertilizable oocytes (eggs).
GIFT (Gamete Intra Fallopian Transfer), ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) are the medical procedures of PCOS treatment for infertile women.
The success rate of PCOS treatment options to induce ovulation depends on the age of the woman, the type of ovarian stimulation medication, and other factors that contribute to infertility in the woman.