Before thinking about pain in ovaries, we should talk about the ovaries themselves. They have two main purposes. One of them is to release hormones that trigger menstruation, and on the other hand they release eggs each month that could be fertilized.
The pain experienced in the ovaries could be chronic or acute. Usually is comes quickly and then disappears in a shorter period of time. In the majority of the cases, it starts gradually, but then it lasts for a longer period of time.
Although the ovaries’ pain could come and go, it could also turn out to be continuous. Some of the activities could make the condition worse, like urination or exercise.
In some cases it can be so mild that you don’t even realize you have it. Also, the pain could be so severe that it stops you from performing your regular daily activities.
How to diagnose?
There are different ways to deal with pain in ovaries. Usually the treatment varies according to the cause of the pain. Most probably your doctor will take a look at your medical history and it is also likely that you will have a full physical examination. You should also expect to have to answer some questions regarding the ovaries’ pain.
The questions that you could be asked may refer to the location of the pain, the moment when it started, the frequency of the pain, any activities that make it better or worse, what kind of pain you experience (burning, mild, sharp, achy), and the effects that the pain has on your everyday life.
In order to find the cause of the pain in ovaries, ultrasound and other kinds of imaging could be used.
A cyst is a sack filled with fluids that can develop on the ovaries, causing ovaries’ pain. These are relatively common among younger women. They often develop during ovulation.
The cyst can appear because the egg is not released or in case the sack that holds the egg doesn’t dissolve after ovulation. Besides the pain in ovaries, the cysts usually don’t have other kinds of symptoms.
Some other symptoms of the cysts include irregular periods, vomiting or nausea, pain during bowel movements or intercourse, bloating full or feeling full when consuming little food.
The cyst causing the ovaries’ pain can be diagnosed through a pelvic examination that could reveal the presence in the pelvic area of a lump. Another option is to have an ultrasound. This technology uses sound waves in order to show the location of a lump. This way the doctors can also find out about the size of the cyst.
In order to stop the pain, sometimes all you have to do is to wait. It is possible that the cyst will disappear on its own. If the symptoms aren’t bothering, this is what you should do.
Naturally the pain in ovaries could have some other causes as well, so you should be examined by a doctor.