Sexually transmitted infections, also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases, STIs and STDs, are diseases and infections that are passed onto people through unprotected sex – sex without having a condom – and through some genital contact. There are different types of STIs that a person may suffer from and unfortunately, not all will have symptoms and signs.
Chlamydia Has No Symptoms
Chlamydia is possibly the most common type of STI in the United Kingdom and the world, along with Gonorrhea. This is one of those that has no symptoms for many, and when symptoms are noticed, they commonly mimic those of urinary tract infections or yeast infections. The most common symptoms are unusual discharge and pain while urinating.
When diagnosed, this is one of the sexually transmitted infections that can be easily treated through the use of antibiotics.
If untreated, it will lead to serious health problems that will affect you over the long term.
Genital Warts and Genital Herpes
These are two conditions that are part of the human papillomavirus and the herpes simplex virus. There is no need to penetration to become infected by either of these, and can be passed from touching or mouth contact. Both of these infections do have signs and symptoms, usually the warts or blisters appearing on the skin.
There are treatments for warts, including cryotherapy and creams. Herpes have no treatments because this is a condition that will be inactive in the body for the rest of your life – you will usually notice it on your lips when coldsores are formed. Antiviral medication can help to control the symptoms of herpes.
Gonorrhea Has No Symptoms
Another infection that commonly has no symptoms is Gonorrhea. This is one of the other common sexually transmitted infections that people deal with around the world and has a number of health problems if it is left untreated, including leading to infertility. The good news is that this is something that can be treated through the use of antibiotics since it is a bacterial infection.
When symptoms do appear, they mimic Chlamydia and urinary infections. The most common ones are pain during urination and unusually and smelly discharge.
Dangerous and Older Sexually Transmitted Infections
There are many infections that have been known for decades – some for centuries. Many of these now have some treatments but not all of them do. Syphilis is one of the most common STIs and is something that dates back to as early as the 1300s.
It was commonly known as the disease of prostitutes and has three stages to the infection – the initial stage is when a person is most contagious. When caught early, syphilis can be treated with the use of antibiotics. If left, there are times when it will lead to other serious conditions, including stroke, blindness, paralysis and even death.
HIV is another infection that is linked to sex, but there are other ways that this can be passed on. HIV affects the immune system and means that you are unable to fight off infections. This turns into AIDS, which means that you will not be able to fight off anything, including the common cold.
While there are no treatments for this, there is medication that can help to prevent the virus from getting worse. If left untreated, death is imminent but not usually from the disease – more people die from pneumonia.
Pubic lice are also common and are also know as crabs. These are lice similar to those that you can get in the hair. They are insects that live in the hair and will suck the blood. This cause itching and red spots. Like hair lice, the only way to get rid of theses is through the use of insecticide medicine, which is available over the counter.
Scabies is very similar to pubic lice. Again, they are creatures that are like mites, which will burrow into your skin. These can pass on through skin to skin contact as well as sexually, which makes them more than sexually transmitted infections. The main symptom notice is a lot of itching as the mites get under the skin. The only treatment is through the use of insecticides.