There can be many facts about AIDS, since not many people are well informed about the condition. The disease is caused by HIV or human immunodeficiency virus. AIDS is the state of the human body when HIV is at its most accelerated condition. A person diagnosed HIV positive may take years in developing AIDS, although the condition is followed by death within a period of 9 months.
An infected individual has the virus in all of their body fluids. This is why it is a highly communicable disease.
Significance and facts about AIDS
As a health condition, AIDS is always hazardous. Various kinds of retroviral drug cocktails are used for slowing down the process of HIV infection which compromises the immunity of an individual.
Usually, the AIDS infected individual is killed by the secondary infections which intrude into the body as a result of the weak immune system, making it impossible for the immunity to fight the germs and harmful bacteria.
The significance of AIDS can be attributed to its widespread nature and the typical lack or absence of any remedy or vaccine. At present, AIDS is a pandemic, occurring in every continent of the world except Antarctica. The main reason as to why the disease is so extensive is that it exhibits minor symptoms.
A person may not be aware of the fact that they have AIDS and pass it down to their sexual partners. Facts about AIDS suggest that the virus has been originally found in a particular species of monkeys in the regions of sub Saharan Africa. Although they were known to carry the virus, they hardly displayed any known indications of AIDS.
The initial documented case of AIDS was in San Francisco in 1981. The virus was related with various bath houses which were known to entertain gay men. While it is still not known how the virus migrated from a species to the other, the possibility is obscure especially when there had been no exchange of bodily fluids.
Initially, it was thought that gay men were susceptible to AIDS. This idea infuriated the gay community that thought that the opinions of the medical professionals were prejudiced. However with people starting to expire from AIDS, more facts about AIDS came to light. The disease was seriously taken after HIV was authenticated as a cause. The common effects of AIDS include fever, chills, night sweats, swollen glands, weight loss as well as anemia.
What usually happens is that almost all the organs in the body are affected, fraught with lesions and open sores. Other common consequences include Pneumocystis pneumonia, random tumors and leukemia. Since the white blood cells are affected in HIV, the immunity is hugely weakened.
The bone marrow, which is the site of WBC formation, is totally used up in the process. Hence, the person experiences a low blood count, hemophilia and lower oxygen levels. Patients should be thoroughly educated with the facts about AIDS to prevent any misconceptions. This will lead to an informed society where the risks threatening people can be averted successfully.