Hepatitis refers to an inflammation of the liver, a major part of your body that helps digest food, store energy, and also remove toxins.
Hepatitis is a sexually transmitted disease that can spread through sexual intercourse with an infected person.
The other sexually transmitted diseases are syphilis, bacterial vaginosis, chlamydia, HPV virus, warts, trichomoniasis and so on.
Infectious organisms including virus, bacteria, fungus, and parasite usually cause hepatitis.
Liver injury caused by a toxin, attacks on the liver by immune system, drugs, alcohol, tattoos, unprotected sex, and body piercing can lead to hepatitis.
From recent researches conducted by scientists, it is found that not more than five viruses can cause hepatitis. The viruses of hepatitis include hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. All these are very serious and can damage your liver severely. It also causes cancer.
Usually, you exhibit no signs of hepatitis. If you develop any, then it includes loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dark-colored urine and pale bowel movements, stomach pain, jaundice, yellowing of skin and eyes.
You can help prevent some of these hepatitis viral types through vaccine. Occasionally, hepatitis vanishes by itself without any vaccine or treatment. If not, then the treatment can be done using drugs. In rare cases, it lasts for a lifetime.
A virus that spreads through water or food leads to Hepatitis A. This type of virus is generally found in one’s fecal materials. The hepatitis A virus can spread very easily when, someway, this material contaminates (infects) water or food.
You can identify the presence of hepatitis A in your body through signs such as vomiting, nausea, fatigue and abdominal pain, dark colored urine or skin and eyes turning yellowish.
If you determine any of these signs, right away consult your doctor where further tests will be done to identify this type of virus. Treatment will begin when hepatitis is found in you.
The best treatment for hepatitis A is to have complete rest and avoid sexual activities. The virus can last from 2-6 weeks. Presently, two vaccines are available for it: one of the hepatitis vaccines (if you already exposed to hepatitis virus) and prevent hepatitis A.
A virus that spreads through blood and sexual contact is Hepatitis B, which has almost same symptoms as hepatitis A. In some cases, you may exhibit no symptoms of hepatitis B. It can be treated through medications. There are vaccines against hepatitis even for children.
Hepatitis C is also spread through blood. Mostly, hepatitis C is asymptomatic. If you exhibit any sign, then it would be loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue and/ or jaundice.
You have no vaccine for this particular hepatitis virus. However, interferon or some combinations with this drug can be used to treat hepatitis C.
Even hepatitis D spreads through blood. To develop hepatitis D, you either have to suffer from hepatitis B or get infected with hepatitis B because a hepatitis D needs the hepatitis B virus in order to replicate.
On the other hand, Hepatitis E has no treatment and no vaccines available to cure.