Type2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes [Identifying your diabetes type].
Type2 diabetes symptoms vary from woman to woman. Sometimes, it becomes very difficult to recognize type 2 diabetes symptoms.
But when it is recognized, it can lead to early diagnosis and treatment.
However, ignoring these symptoms can lead to serious damage to the organs caused by unchecked or high blood glucose levels. However, in some rare cases, it can lead to coma.
It is important to have regular check-ups although you exhibit few or no symptoms. Remember, in some cases, type2 diabetes is asymptomatic.
The type2 diabetes symptoms may include an increased thirst or dry mouth, hunger even after eating a meal, nausea or vomiting, frequent urination, fatigue or weakness, blurred vision and numbness or tingling in the hands or feet.
Not everyone with type2 diabetes experiences the same symptoms. However, in some cases, the symptoms include recurrent infections of urinary tract, vagina or easily infected scratches on the skin and slow healing of wounds or sores.
Although you exhibit few or no symptoms, type2 diabetes can diagnose using a plasma glucose test where you can find the level of glucose in the blood stream. Your doctor will perform this test.
Normally, the food in the stomach is changed into glucose. This glucose then enters into the blood stream and the pancreas produces insulin that allows the glucose to enter the cells of the body and be used for energy.
So, when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body is unable to make use of it properly, there will be no conversion of glucose into energy and too much glucose remains in the blood.
In type1 diabetes, the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin are lost or damaged whereas in type2 diabetes, the pancreas cannot produce adequate insulin and the cells become resistant or less sensitive to the insulin that is produced.
In the initial stages, typically before you exhibit the type2 diabetes symptoms, the pancreas may produce more insulin to try and manage the increased levels of glucose in the blood. But, ultimately the additional insulin stops conversion or working, then the glucose levels in the blood continues to increase. This can lead to severe health problems.
Frequent dehydration is also a type2 diabetes symptom. However, if it becomes severe with very high blood sugar levels then it can lead to Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome, a life threatening disease.
If left uncontrolled, these increased glucose levels can damage the heart, kidneys, eyes and the nerves in the hands and feet.
Insulin-resistance means the inability of the body to recognize and use the insulin produced by the pancreas. It is not present in type1 diabetes, but type2 diabetes always results from insulin resistance.
With a proper diabetes diet, weight loss and increased physical activity, you can reduce the risk for developing insulin resistance and the possibility of developing type2 diabetes symptoms. Even, some natural dietary supplements can help maintain insulin production and blood sugar levels.