Urinary incontinence is also known as overactive bladder.
It refers to the inability to control urine in the bladder.
In other words, it is a condition with uncontrollable loss of urine.
Urinary incontinence is of four types: stress incontinence, urge incontinence, overflow incontinence, and functional incontinence.
The stress incontinence is the most common urinary incontinence type in women. It is found that stress incontinence is affecting approximately fifty percent of all women globally.
Stress incontinence generally occurs when there is an increased pressure on the bladder. The pressure on the bladder increases with the involuntary activities such as sneezing, coughing, laughing, lifting or exercise.
Urge incontinence occurs with an unexpected need to urination along with bladder contraction and uncontrollable loss of urine. It is most common in elder women.
This can occur due to infection in the kidney or bladder. With this condition, you find no time between the need to urinate and the passage of urine.
Overflow incontinence is a rare type of urinary incontinence that generally occurs when an overfilled bladder leaks urine. This may be due to a blockage or weak bladder muscles.
Functional incontinence occurs when a disability stops from reaching the toilet in time for urination even though the urinary tract functions normally. The disability can be an age-related problem (arthritis, kidney problem), mental or physical disorders. It is most common in older women.
The normal urination occurs with the storage of urine (water and waste materials that are excreted by the kidneys) in the bladder. Bladder is a muscular organ that is connected to the urethra, the tube through which urine is discharged out of the body.
At the time of urination, the muscles of the bladder get contract, pushing the urine from the bladder into the urethra. Also, the sphincter muscles that surround the urethra relax, allowing urine to pass out of the body.
However, if the bladder muscles contract all of a sudden or muscles near the urethra relax unexpectedly then urinary incontinence may take place.
It can also occur due to infection of vagina, urinary tract, bladder or prostate, side effects of certain medications, diabetes, pregnancy, weight gain, depression, confusion, and diseases of the central nervous system (stroke, cancer or epilepsy).
Consult a gynecologist, urologist, or your family doctor for treatment if you are suffering from urinary incontinence. The treatment options basically depend on the type, cause, and severity of your urinary incontinence.
Bladder retraining is a method that strengthens the muscles of your pelvic floor by maintaining a schedule for urination regardless of the need for urination.
On the other hand, practicing kegel exercises for three times a day can help contract pelvic floor muscles for 10 seconds and then relax them for 10 seconds.
Vaginal cone is a treatment option for urinary incontinence. It is a small weight device that is placed in the vagina for muscle contractions.
Anticholinergic medicines also help stimulate the nerves that control urine flow. Surgery may also be recommended if the condition is severe.